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Fairings No.25 - August 2012

featherThe new Fairings issue (August 2012) is here! You can find there twelve interesting fairy problems presented by Chris Feather.






FAIRINGS…                                                No. 25: August 2012

C.J.Feather 10 Tinwell Road STAMFORD PE9 2QQ UK   [ This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ]


   Two visitors this time. Geoff's hs# is a radical reinterpretation of my F24/1, but it is certainly a very economical one. Juraj's miniature is a perfect little gem. Before looking at 3 please read my definition of Kamikaze! Best wishes to all.



1 1.Kxd6 BSa8=Q 2.Kd7 Qd5#, 1.Kxc6 BSc8=Q 2.Bd5 Qa6# & 1.Kxe6 BSe8=R+ 2.Kf7 BSf8=Q#, a cyclic Zilahi.       

2 a) 1.Kxd5[TRe5] NDe3 2.Kxc5[BPd5] BPc6# b) 1.Kxf4[NDe5] TRd3 2.Kxg3[BPf4] BPg5# The b6- & h3-Ps end up pinned behind their king.          

3 a) 1.Rxc6[Qa8;–R] Rc2 2.Se3 Be4# b) 1.Bxc6[Qc8;–B] Bf3 2.Sd2 Rc3# Redoubling with the stronger piece behind. Please computer-test this if you can!




4 1.Qe1 NDe3 2.Qxa5[TRe1] NDxf4-g5[SIe3]# & 1.Qc6 TRd5 2.Qxc1[NDc6] TRxf5-g5[SId5]# Double pin mates in which one of the pins is created by the mating move. 

5 1.Sa4xb6-b7 Qxf5-g6 2.Kxa3-a6 Rxc6-b6# & 1.g4xh3-h4 Qxc6-c8 2.Kxa3-h3 Bxf5-g4# More redoubling. Note the guard provided by the static white piece each time: 3.Kxb6-b5?/Kxg4-f3?          

6 1...Sd4 2.LIh4 LId1 3.LIh6 Sf3# & 1...Sf8 2.LId7 LIh8 3.LIg4 Sh7# Diagonal/orthogonal echo elements with appropriate knight play (JL); the clarity here makes a splendid contrast with the previous problem!




7 1...PAg6 2.Kg2 VAd4 3.Qe3 CGg7# & 1...VAb6 2.Kf2 PAg7 3.Qg4 CGa7# Distant mates.     

8 1.nBSf1=nQ nQc4 2.nSPxc4[nQd1] nQd1-c2 3.nSPc3 Kf7# & 1.nBSc4 nBSd5 2.nSPxd5[nBSd2] nBSc3 3.nBSa1=nB+ Kg6# The idea was the (unexpected?) king-#s.     

9 1.nPg1=nS Kxf4-f2[Re5] 2.nPh2xg1-e2[nSh2] nSf1 3.nPe1=nR Kxf1-g3[nSf2]# & 1.nPg1=nB Kxf4-b4[Re5] 2.Kxg1-d4[nBh1] nBf3 3.nPh1=nQ nBxh1-a1[nQf3]# A fairly intricate AUW; on e5 the R stops a dual mate from h8.


10 1...NDd5# 1.R2g7 4.Ke3 5.Kxf3[NDe3] 6.Ke4 7.Kxe3[NDe4] 9.Kd5 10.Kxc6 [CBd5] 11.Kd6 12.B2b8 13.Kc7 14.R2a7 16.Ka8 CBf3#        

11 1...TRg1# 1.G4a8 4.Kxa4[Sa3] 7.Ka7 8.G4xa3[Sa8] 10.Kxa8[Sb8] 12.Kxb8[Sb7] 15.Kxb7[Sb6] 18. Kxb6[Sb5] 20.Ka4 21.G4a8 22.G4xh1[CRa8] Sa7# Change of (anti-)battery mate. The G4 is unusual, but all pieces are useful for something!            

12 1.Qh3 h5 2.Bf2 h4 3.Bg3 hxg3 4.Rg8 gxh2 5.Sg6 h1Q 6.Qh6+ Qxh6# Here the introductory move in F24/1 will obviously not transfer to the hs#. Does the neatness justify using this genre, or should the hs# be expected to show themes which the h# cannot? Opinions, please!




ABC (Alphabetical Chess): The squares are considered in the order a1, a2...a8, b1...b8, c1 and so on to h8. The player whose turn it is may move only his unit standing on the square which comes earliest in this order. However check and mate are normal.

Circe: Captured units (not Ks) reappear on their game-array squares, of the same colour in the case of pieces, on the file of capture in the case of pawns, and on the promotion square of the file of capture in the case of fairy pieces. If the rebirth square is occupied the capture is normal.

CouscousCirce: As Circe, but the captured piece reappears on the Circe rebirth square of the capturing unit. Pawns reappearing on promotion squares are promoted instantly, at the choice of their own side; those appearing on their 1st rank have no moving or checking power until reactivated by being captured again.

PWC (PlatzWechselCirce): Captured units reappear on the square just vacated by the capturing unit. Pawns appearing on their 1st rank have no moving or checking power until reactivated by being captured again; those appearing on their 8th rank are promoted instantly, at the choice of their own side.

Take&Make: Every capturing move consists of two steps. The capturing step ("take") must be complemented by a further step ("make": not a capture) by the capturing piece, using the movement of the captured unit, otherwise the capture is illegal. Pawns may not end up on their own first rank. Captures lead to promotions only if the pawn is still on the promotion rank after the "make" step. Promotions at the end of the "make" step are normal.

Kamikaze: Pieces disappear from the board when they capture. Popeye appears to think that, when combined with rebirth conditions such as Couscous, this means that they then reappear – that is complete nonsense, at least as far as I am concerned, so there are no such rebirths in my compositions. The name "kamikaze" would not be appropriate if it caused any rebirths! Popeye also treats kamikaze as a piece-characteristic; while that interpretation is possible, it seems to me that the norm should be to treat it as a condition applying (like Circe) to all pieces except Ks (or, with "K-inclusive" added, to all the pieces). So in problem 3 above the kamikaze condition applies to all the pieces except the kings, and capturing pieces disappear permanently.

Neutrality: A unit with this characteristic may be regarded as of either colour by the side whose turn it is to play. Neutral pawns promote to neutral pieces.

Grasshopper G (better: Queenhopper): Hops on Q-lines over any one unit (the hurdle) to the next square beyond.

Rookhopper RH: a grasshopper confined to R-lines.

Bishopper BH: a grasshopper confined to B-lines.

Grasshopper-/Rookhopper-/Bishopper-2/3/4 G2/R2/B2 (etc.): Move like the basic hopper but 2/3/4 (etc.) squares past the hurdle.

ContraGrasshopper/ContraRookhopper/ContraBishopper CG/CR/CB: Move like G/RH/BH, but in reverse: the hurdle must be adjacent to the contrahopper, which may land anywhere on the line beyond.

Lion LI: a grasshopper which can move to any square beyond the hurdle, which may be at any distance.

Pao PA / Vao VA: Move as R/B respectively, but capture by hopping over a hurdle at any distance to any square beyond, i.e. like a lion.

Locust L (=Queen-locust): a piece which moves only to capture. It lands on the same squares as a grasshopper, but the arrival square must be empty, because the locust captures its hurdle.

Rook-locust LR: a locust confined to R-lines.

Bishop-locust LB: a locust confined to B-lines.

Siren SI / Triton TR / Nereid ND: Move as Q/R/B respectively, but capture by hopping over and removing an adverse unit, landing on the next (necessarily empty) square, i.e. they capture like the corresponding locusts.

SuperPawn SP: behaves as a P except that (when moving or capturing) it may go as far as desired along the usual lines, provided that they are clear, e.g. white SPe2-e8=S or white SPg2xb7.

Berolina Pawn BP: a P which moves diagonally, captures straight ahead and promotes normally.  

BerolinaSuperPawn BS: behaves as a Berolina P except that (when moving or capturing) it may go as far as desired along the usual lines, provided that they are clear, e.g. white BSa2xa8=S or white BSc2-h7.



Note on computer testing in Fairings:

Problems in Fairings are tested by Popeye wherever possible.

In this issue problem 3 has not been computer-tested (see definition of Kamikaze!).

Problems 10 & 11 have been tested by Fairybadix because Popeye does not know all these pieces.



The complete set of Fairings 1-25 is available from me on request (.doc file format).




+3 #1 dkostadinov 2012-08-07 00:49
I have the same opinion like Chris Feather about Kamikaze - in combination with rebirth conditions (as Circe etc.) only the captured piece should be reappear, so the problem n.3 looks OK for me... What the readers think about it?
+3 #2 shankar ram 2012-08-11 04:47
this is a question of definitions and their interpretation: both circe and kamikaze are capture specific definitions. so when they are combined, one would expect that both conditions (piece disappearance and rebirth) are applicable.. which is what the popeye developers have done. if a different interpretation is needed for specific problems, then better to mention it as a special case. In a couscous circe/kamikaze combo, the kamikaze effect would still appear but only if the rebirth square of the capturer is already occupied.
+3 #3 shankar ram 2012-08-11 07:55
i think i may have put my foot in my mouth in my previous comment.. without looking deeply at the implications! actually the couscous/kamikaze combo raises an interesting question: in a normal circe/kamikaze combo, both the capturer and captured would go back to their home squares. but here the 'home' square is the same for both! so.. who gets priority? i don't know how popeye, winchloe, alybadix treat this situation.
anyhow, i modify my opinion somewhat: whether the capturing piece should be reborn in a kamikaze/circe combo is not a 'logical' conclusion but a subjective one!
+2 #4 dkostadinov 2012-08-11 13:32
Thank you Shankar Ram for sharing your opinion with us. Yes, in Couscous/ Kamikaze the rebirth squares of both pieces are the same. If I remember correct WinChloe and Popeye are programmed to give priority of Circe type conditions. Actually if the authors can choose which of used fairy conditions have to be with priority there are so many interesting ideas for realisations, but probably this option will be very difficult to be programmed.
+3 #5 seetharaman 2012-08-11 15:12
I think the confusion started with naming a variety "Circe" where the both capture/captured pieces go back to their original squares as "Kamikaze-Circe". This is a bad name. "Kamikaze chess" is all about captor disappearing with the victim named after the suicide Japanese pilots of World war II.

In this problem CJF wants to combine Kamikaze chess and "coscous Circe", ie. a Circe form where the captor vanishes and the captured piece returns to designated square. I hope "Popeye" will resolve this soon.
+3 #6 paul 2012-08-12 09:58
In Circe Kamikaze, during a capture, the 2 pieces reborn except the Kings, after Circe procedure. In Circe Couscous Kamikaze, during a capture, the captured piece reappears on the Circe rebirth square of the capturing unit and the capturing unit vanishes (so do not reappears at all). This is my humble opinion.
+3 #7 shankar ram 2012-08-13 07:26
Or... just to make things more interesting.. you can have BOTH being reborn on the same home square.. like in 'volcanic circe'.. but again have to decide which sits under which! This may well happen.. and maybe is already implemented.. in a volcanic circe + kamikaze combination..
+3 #8 paul 2012-08-13 15:11
If BOTH capturing piece and captured piece reborn, then the genre is AntiCirce + CouscousCirce and consequently we have a clash between these pieces. Then VolcanicCirce or MemoryCirce rules could be possible (with captured piece UNDER the capturing piece).

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